Welcome to ICAR-NIAP
ICAR-National Institute (Formerly Centre) of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NIAP) was established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in March 1991 to strengthen agricultural economics and policy research in the National Agricultural Research System.Read More
Agriculture and Ecosystem Services
Understanding of the ecosystem services provided by agriculture is complex as its interaction with the ecosystem is bidirectional. These interactions particularly production system and environmental linkages, are important... for ensuring sustainability of agriculture and addressing the trade-offs at an early stage.Read More
Leveraging Innovations for Attaining Efficient, Inclusive and Eco-friendly Agricultural Growth through Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
To strengthen agricultural economics research for providing economically viable, socially-acceptable and environmentally-feasible policy options for science-led agricultural growth
Honours and Awards
Dr Pratap Singh Birthal - Fellow, (Elected 2010)
Dr Suresh Pal - Fellow, (Elected 2009)
NAAS Recognition Award
Prof. Pratap Singh Birthal (2015)
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award
Prof. Ramesh Chand (2010)
Dr Pratap Singh Birthal (2016)
Prof. Pratap Singh Birthal (2017 onwards)
Prof. Ramesh Chand (2006-2010)
Prof. Dayanath Jha (2000-2005)
Fellow of Indian Society of Agricultural Economics
Dr Suresh Pal (2017)
Prof. Pratap Singh Birthal (2017)
Prof. Ramesh Chand (2013)
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India spends only 0.4 percent of its agricultural gross domestic product on agricultural research much lower than in the developed countries. There is sufficient evidence to show that the payoff from investment in agricultural R&D is very attractive. Increased investment in agricultural research is required to keep yield frontiers moving upward, to reduce cost of production and improve resilience of production systems. The study on total factor productivity (TFP) for major crops indicates that the highest growth in TFP has been reported for wheat and maize (1.6 per cent) for the period 1996-2005...
Equity in the use of surface water has improved over time in most of the states. Streamlining of accounting procedure to link cost recovery and O&M funding is essential. Irrigation department should be empowered to identify water user categories, enforce water supply measurement and charge the bulk users. Although physical performance of irrigation projects showed a substantial growth during successive five year plans, it coexists with increasing gap between irrigation potential created and utilized...
Diversification and Poverty
Diversification of agriculture towards high-value enterprises such as horticulture and animal husbandry that generate higher returns matches with resource endowments and income requirements of smallholder farmers who allocate larger area to highvalue crops, and are also more efficient in then production compared to lamer farmers. The incidence of poverty is less among those engaged in these enterprises the biggest impact being on marginal and small farmers...
By 2050 availability of resources for agriculture will increase but at a slower rate as compared to the growth in food demand. This underlines importance of improving resource use efficiency and technological breakthroughs. In order to strike a balance between the future demand and supply of agricultural products, the Institute has suggested to target a) significant increase in land productivity, b) twofold increase in water productivity, c) doubling energy use efficiency, and d) five times increase in labour productivity by 2050.
Price policy and market reforms should (i) enhance competition in the marketplace by linking farmers to markets through institutional innovations such as contract farming and producer associations; (ii) promote investment in public infrastructure (roads electricity, and communication) that reduces transportation and transaction costs...